Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with several connected sorts of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by the two sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may perhaps refer to a number of garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from conventional pajamas and involving versions of style and material.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British affect on the broader Western planet during the Victorian era. Pajamas were introduced to England as "lounging attire" as early given that the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they soon fell from manner. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the 1st half in the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a vogue in Britain along with the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different persons in India e.g. by Women of all ages of assorted courses, by Sikh Males, and many by Mohammedans of equally sexes. It was adopted from the Mohammedans by Europeans being an post of dishabille and of night time apparel, and it is synonymous with Long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is actually probable that we English took the habit similar to a excellent numerous Many others through the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is currently used in London shops. An acquaintance furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on forty several years ago, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced toes sewn on to them (as was from pidzame time to time the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Standard pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants mix manufactured from soft material, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor ordinarily incorporates a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Many of us prefer to rest or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either which has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for guys and boys tend to be bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these standard pajamas are often identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas characteristic a drop seat (also called a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening inside the seat, built to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas designed before the 1950s, but while in the early 20-initial century They can be alternatively uncommon.
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Modern day pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are plenty of variations in design for example shorter sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of different duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many supplies. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are typical. Typically worn by young children, these clothes normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.
Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they have occasionally integrated the latter like a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very form of small costume top rated about shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may well now check with Women of all ages's combination daywear, specifically in the US where by they turned preferred during the early twentieth century, consisting of shorter-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight pants. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.